Foreıgn Trade Dersi 2. Ünite Sorularla Öğrenelim

Açıköğretim ders notları öğrenciler tarafından ders çalışma esnasında hazırlanmakta olup diğer ders çalışacak öğrenciler için paylaşılmaktadır. Sizlerde hazırladığınız ders notlarını paylaşmak istiyorsanız bizlere iletebilirsiniz.

Açıköğretim derslerinden Foreıgn Trade Dersi 2. Ünite Sorularla Öğrenelim için hazırlanan  ders çalışma dokümanına (ders özeti / sorularla öğrenelim) aşağıdan erişebilirsiniz. AÖF Ders Notları ile sınavlara çok daha etkili bir şekilde çalışabilirsiniz. Sınavlarınızda başarılar dileriz.

Classical Trade Theory And Standard Theory Of International Trade

1. Soru

What do debit items in the balance of payments accounting denote?

Cevap

A payment by the country to a foreigner.


2. Soru

How many basic groups (accounts) summarizing a nation’s balance of payments are there?

Cevap

There are four basic groups: Current account, capital account, financial account and reserve assets.


3. Soru

What is the main aim of portfolio investments?

Cevap

To obtain income financially; they do not want to control or takeover the company whose shares or bonds are bought.


4. Soru

What does a capital account consist of? 

Cevap

It fundamentally consists of unilateral transfers occurred in the country with the rest of the world.


5. Soru

What do credit items in the balance of payments accounting denote?

Cevap

A payment by a foreigner into the country. 


6. Soru

What do official international reserve assets refer to?

Cevap

They are the quasi money assets which are held by government and are accepted in international payments.


7. Soru

What is the net value of financial assets and similar claims that a country bought and sold with the rest of the world?

Cevap

It (except the official international reserve changes) states the private finance account balance in the balance of payments. 


8. Soru

What does the balance of payments refer?

Cevap

It refers to an accounting system informing the international transactions of a country.


9. Soru

For what types of investments does a country use her national savings?

Cevap

For two different types of investments:

1. To invest for domestic capital accumulation (domestic investments

2. To invest abroad for obtaining an income flow (net foreign investments).


10. Soru

What create long term capital flows among countries?

Cevap

buying and selling transactions of bonds and other long term securities internationally.


11. Soru

Which values are recorded in the balance of payments accounting?

Cevap

The value of incoming flows to and the value of outgoing flows from the country are recorded.


12. Soru

What are portfolio investments?

Cevap

The purchase of securities such as bonds and stocks for financial purposes by foreign investors.


13. Soru

With what two channels direct investments create their effects on the balance of payments?

Cevap

With two different channels: Financial flow and trade flow.


14. Soru

Which two important developments which made the international portfolio diversification possible caused the increase in international capital flows during 90s to occurre?

Cevap

(1) Developing countries had considerably increased their participation to international economic integration by liberalizing their financial markets, foreign exchange regimes and capital accounts and also opening them for the foreigners.

(2) Developing countries had also increased investment opportunities by privatizing their public enterprises and encouraging the deepening in financial markets.


15. Soru

What do government capital movements refer to? 

Cevap

They refer to capital movements arising from lending and borrowing transactions among governments.


16. Soru

What are foreign direct investments?

Cevap

The investments made by individuals or firms through buying a firm, providing the establishment capital for a new company or increasing the capital of an existing company in other countries.


17. Soru

What does current acccount involve?

Cevap

It involves all credit and debit items arising from export and import transactions of all goods and services, income receipt, and payment transactions in the country.


18. Soru

Whay is capital account sometimes included in the current account balance instead of being considered as a separate account?

Cevap

Because it usually has a small balance relative to current account.


20. Soru

When does a banking crisis arise?

Cevap

When the banking sector in a country is unable to fulfill its lending function and confronts with the risk of insolvency.


21. Soru

What sources may the vulnerability of a country arise from?

Cevap

(1) Inconsistent and unsustainable monetary and fiscal policies followed by the government, (2) volatility of foreign capital flows that the country receives.


22. Soru

What are short term capital movements?

Cevap

They are capital flows based on debt instruments with a maturity less than one year.


23. Soru

What is speculative attack?

Cevap

The speculation activities in which speculators who realize the existence of a price increase in the market may intend to obtain excessive profit by engaging regular buying to create further increase in the price and selling when the targeted price is achieved.


24. Soru

When does a foreign exchange crisis occur?

Cevap

When there is an unexpected and sudden collapse of domestic currency unit (high level of depreciation in the flexible exchange rate regime or high level of devaluation in the fixed exchange rate regime).


25. Soru

When does a debt crisis occur?

Cevap

When the debtor cannot fulfill his/her obligations (interest and principal payment) on time and a need shows up to restructure the debt.


26. Soru

How are net foreign investments in a country measured?

Cevap

By subtracting the increase in financial liabilities from the increase in financial assets.


1. Soru

What do debit items in the balance of payments accounting denote?

Cevap

A payment by the country to a foreigner.

2. Soru

How many basic groups (accounts) summarizing a nation’s balance of payments are there?

Cevap

There are four basic groups: Current account, capital account, financial account and reserve assets.

3. Soru

What is the main aim of portfolio investments?

Cevap

To obtain income financially; they do not want to control or takeover the company whose shares or bonds are bought.

4. Soru

What does a capital account consist of? 

Cevap

It fundamentally consists of unilateral transfers occurred in the country with the rest of the world.

5. Soru

What do credit items in the balance of payments accounting denote?

Cevap

A payment by a foreigner into the country. 

6. Soru

What do official international reserve assets refer to?

Cevap

They are the quasi money assets which are held by government and are accepted in international payments.

7. Soru

What is the net value of financial assets and similar claims that a country bought and sold with the rest of the world?

Cevap

It (except the official international reserve changes) states the private finance account balance in the balance of payments. 

8. Soru

What does the balance of payments refer?

Cevap

It refers to an accounting system informing the international transactions of a country.

9. Soru

For what types of investments does a country use her national savings?

Cevap

For two different types of investments:

1. To invest for domestic capital accumulation (domestic investments

2. To invest abroad for obtaining an income flow (net foreign investments).

10. Soru

What create long term capital flows among countries?

Cevap

buying and selling transactions of bonds and other long term securities internationally.

11. Soru

Which values are recorded in the balance of payments accounting?

Cevap

The value of incoming flows to and the value of outgoing flows from the country are recorded.

12. Soru

What are portfolio investments?

Cevap

The purchase of securities such as bonds and stocks for financial purposes by foreign investors.

13. Soru

With what two channels direct investments create their effects on the balance of payments?

Cevap

With two different channels: Financial flow and trade flow.

14. Soru

Which two important developments which made the international portfolio diversification possible caused the increase in international capital flows during 90s to occurre?

Cevap

(1) Developing countries had considerably increased their participation to international economic integration by liberalizing their financial markets, foreign exchange regimes and capital accounts and also opening them for the foreigners.

(2) Developing countries had also increased investment opportunities by privatizing their public enterprises and encouraging the deepening in financial markets.

15. Soru

What do government capital movements refer to? 

Cevap

They refer to capital movements arising from lending and borrowing transactions among governments.

16. Soru

What are foreign direct investments?

Cevap

The investments made by individuals or firms through buying a firm, providing the establishment capital for a new company or increasing the capital of an existing company in other countries.

17. Soru

What does current acccount involve?

Cevap

It involves all credit and debit items arising from export and import transactions of all goods and services, income receipt, and payment transactions in the country.

18. Soru

Whay is capital account sometimes included in the current account balance instead of being considered as a separate account?

Cevap

Because it usually has a small balance relative to current account.

20. Soru

When does a banking crisis arise?

Cevap

When the banking sector in a country is unable to fulfill its lending function and confronts with the risk of insolvency.

21. Soru

What sources may the vulnerability of a country arise from?

Cevap

(1) Inconsistent and unsustainable monetary and fiscal policies followed by the government, (2) volatility of foreign capital flows that the country receives.

22. Soru

What are short term capital movements?

Cevap

They are capital flows based on debt instruments with a maturity less than one year.

23. Soru

What is speculative attack?

Cevap

The speculation activities in which speculators who realize the existence of a price increase in the market may intend to obtain excessive profit by engaging regular buying to create further increase in the price and selling when the targeted price is achieved.

24. Soru

When does a foreign exchange crisis occur?

Cevap

When there is an unexpected and sudden collapse of domestic currency unit (high level of depreciation in the flexible exchange rate regime or high level of devaluation in the fixed exchange rate regime).

25. Soru

When does a debt crisis occur?

Cevap

When the debtor cannot fulfill his/her obligations (interest and principal payment) on time and a need shows up to restructure the debt.

26. Soru

How are net foreign investments in a country measured?

Cevap

By subtracting the increase in financial liabilities from the increase in financial assets.

0
mutlu
Mutlu
0
_zg_n
Üzgün
0
sinirli
Sinirli
0
_a_rm_
Şaşırmış
0
vir_sl_
Virüslü

E-posta hesabınız yayımlanmayacak.

Giriş Yap

Giriş Yap

AÖF Ders Notları ve Açıköğretim Sistemi ayrıcalıklarından yararlanmak için hemen giriş yapın veya hesap oluşturun, üstelik tamamen ücretsiz!